Pedro Domingo Bustillo Melendez
I didn't know my Lolo very well, we left the Philippines when I was only 5 years old and he lived in the southern island of Mindanao while our family lived in the city, Manila. I was re-acquainted with him in the early 1980s when he traveled to New York City to visit his daughters: my mom and Tita (aunt). I remember an older man with round tortoise glasses who spoke to my mother in their native dialect, Cebuano, a language I didn’t understand. I always heard stories about my Lolo from my mother.
As I raise my own children and see our lives unfold in America, I’m cognizant that they are even further removed from their ethnic heritage. I don’t speak Tagalog, I cook mostly American food (though my daughter describes Tinola as comfort food) and we don’t belong to a Filipino community. It’s important for me to share and pass down our family story. This blog is really meant for them to reflect on this process.
My mother shared an article written by my maternal uncle (Pedro Melendez, Jr.) on the origins of the Mampaalong-Melendez Clan. Since then I started to research information about my Lolo. Below is an article I found on Bukidnon News.Net, December 8, 2012, written by Anilaw Inlanton Erwin Marte.
"MALAYBALAY CITY (Bukidnon News.Net/08 December)
Judge Pedro Domingo Bustillo Melendez, nicknamed, “Mindo” was born on May 13, 1905. He was the eldest son of Juan Parisco Melendez and Juliana Moreno Bustillo of Malaybalay, Bukidnon.
He graduated valedictorian at the Misamis Oriental High School in 1922. He proceeded to study law at the University of the Philippines as a working student. He was a bookkeeper in the Bureau of Non-Christian Tribe in Manila.
He was conferred a Bachelor of Laws degree in 1931 and dubbed as “the first native from Bukidnon who became a lawyer.”
In 1934, he was elected as one of Bukidnon’s two delegates to the Constitutional Convention that drafted and formulated the 1935 Philippine Constitution.
The other delegate was Jose Sanvictores who shared with him the pride of having worked with national luminaries such as Claro M. Recto, Manuel Roxas, Elpidio Quirino, Jose P. Laurel, Norberto Romualdez, Rafael Palma, Conrado Benetiz, Camilo Osias and many other framers of the Philippine Constitution.
During the privilege hour, in one of the sessions, he took advantage in addressing the problems of Mindanao, at that time, already called, “Land of Promise”. He expressed apprehension that Mindanao, which has a land area bigger than Switzerland, Holland or Belgium, may be lost on account of the proposed Roger Bacon Law of 1925 in the American Congress. The proposed law eyed to separate Mindanao from the rest of the Archipelago.
He pushed and worked for the inclusion of a provision in the Constitution “….that the state shall promote and advance the welfare of the cultural minorities of the Philippines.”
He regarded his advocacy as a “voice crying” in the wilderness for under the Jones Law, which was then the Organic Law under the American Regime, the special provinces of Mindanao and Sulu, the Mountain Province and Nueva Vizcaya in Luzon were represented by senators and representatives who were solely appointed by the Governor General.
He successfully advocated for the Bukidnons’ Right of Suffrage. Since 1907, Bukidnons were not given the right to vote, though the province was already separate from Misamis. (Bukidnon was proclaimed by Philippine Law as an autonomous province in 1907, through the effort of Dean C. Worcester, then Secretary of the Interior and member of the Philippine Commission).
(Editor’s Note: according to Bukidnon.gov.ph, on August 20, 1907, the Philippine Commission Act 1693 was enacted which created the province of Agusan with Bukidnon as a sub-province.)
Bukidnon became a regular province on September 1, 1914, by virtue of the creation of the Department of Mindano and Sulu. Finally, on March 10, 1917, under Act 2711 the province was officially created and called the Province of Bukidnon.)
The inhabitants largely called “Bukidnons” were referred to as an ethnic tribe classified as “Non-Christian” Filipinos, regarded as mountain folks and noted as oppressed, preyed upon and exploited by the “Dumagats” or people of the sea coasts. Inherently, the “Bukidnons” were discriminated and were targets for land-grabbing practices. In 1935, “Mindo” married, Luz Santiago Reyes, a BSE (Bachelor of Science in Education) graduate from the University of the Philippines and a native of Malolos, Bulucan. The former Ms. Reyes was a teacher by profession with whom he had eight kids; Emmanuel, Luisa Marie, Juliana (a twin of Luisa Marie, deceased after birth) Minda Luz, Clarissa Victoria, Pedro Jr., Lewanda Bertha and Alexander Henry.
In (or about) 1938, during the Commonwealth Government, Secretary of the Interior Elpidio Quirino, who was then their principal wedding sponsor, appointed him as Deputy Governor by the Commissioner at large for Mindanao and Sulu, with an office in Dansalan, Lanao (now Marawi City).
The position was under the office of the Commissioner for Mindanao and Sulu. Assigned to the office of the Bukidnon Provincial Governor by Commissioner Kasilag, primarily to advocate for the cultural minorities; the position, however, upon protestation, was eventually abolished from the National Assembly.
After serving in the Judge Advocate Service of the Bukidnon-Cotabato Force during World War II, he was honorably discharged as First Lieutenant, HQ Co, 109th Division 10th MD of the USAFFE’s reconstructed guerilla unit roster.
After the war from 1947-1950, he worked with the Philippine War Damage Commission under Colonel Henry Gilhouser and helped several claimants from Bukidnon, Misamis Oriental, and other provinces. He practiced law in Malaybalay, Bukidnon and Cagayan de Oro City; served as Provincial Fiscal of Misamis Oriental (1951-1952) and in (1965-1966) as Judge, Court of Agrarian Reform.
A widower for four years, he remarried in 1973 to Dulzura Chavez Vda. de Fernandez of Cagayan de Oro City.
His daughter, Minda Luz Melendez Quesada, followed his steps when she became a delegate to the 1987 Philippine Constitutional Convention. He passed away on October 23, 1982, in Manila."
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MgaKwento is a storytelling collaboration exploring the intersection of art , ethnic identity development and experiences of the Filipino diaspora.